At what point did nations focus on separating church and state? I personally find it quite interesting that the Catholic Center party was so popular and also so moderate in Weimar Germany. In today’s society in the United States, religious groups are generally considered very conservative and right-leaning, so the Catholic Party’s popularity was somewhat a surprise to me. In addition, in later years under the Nazis, religion became a very controversial and important topic, determining the fates for many. Because of this, I am curious how we have mainly avoided discussion of religious tensions in Weimar Germany thus far. I would have thought religion would have played a more prominent role leading up to the outright persecution of religious minorities.

Below I have included an image from the Women’s March in Ann Arbor on this past Saturday. Besides being cleverly cited, the poster expresses the concern shared by many Americans that others religious preferences will influence their rights as an American citizen. Separation of church and state is a hotly debated topic today, so I find its limited scope in Weimar Germany particularly noteworthy. Can a democracy truly exist and function effectively for all members without the separation of church and state? Are there any democracies of past or present that do practice effective and just democracy without separation of church and state? What kind of role did religion play in Weimar Germany?