Sexual interactions directly affected the state and strength of the German people in Nazi Germany. Like Himmler reiterates, offspring and reproduction “signify the life and death of the nation” (p. 94). This idea permeated all levels of German society, from the lowest masses to the upper levels of the government. Specific organizations and laws designed to facilitate the best mating practices were established to limit “degenerate” offspring who would further weaken the German race. As Hitler states in his speech to the National Socialist Women’s Organization in 1934, every child birthed strong and healthy to the German nation is “a battle that she [the woman] wages for the existence of her people” (p. 81). Not only does Hitler reemphasize the necessity for strong youth and breeding the fittest Aryans possible, but he outlines women’s roles as well. This is in stark contrast to the more malleable gender roles of the Weimar republic, when women explored their sexuality, financial independence, and personal freedoms separately from family life. Through the Nazi party’s policies and rhetoric on raising the next crop of German youth, both sexual practices and women’s roles in supporting the state were highlighted and explicitly outlined.
For female youth, a similar organization existed that began teaching appropriate gender roles at younger ages. The League of German Girls sought to “shape girls who are politically conscious” (p. 85). However, “That does not mean women who debate or discuss things in parliament, but girls and women, who know about the necessities of life in the German nation, and act accordingly” (p. 85). Although women who are both politically active and docile is quite the oxymoron, the rhetoric of speech like this helped to mask the sphere which was carefully being reestablished around the female gender. Women were not actually supposed to become involved in politics, but merely satisfy the needs of the state from the home. Ways to do this included producing many strong Aryan youth and raising them to support the state, encouraging and supporting husbands to participate and contribute to society, and assisting with Nazi party functions. Exploring sexuality and increased autonomy like in the Weimar-era was no longer acceptable, and this concept of women being primary agents and servants to the manpower of the German state inevitably made their sexual practices and reproduction crucial to the state’s survival. Because women’s gender role was firmly reestablished in the context of serving the Nazi state and the German people, their reproductive habits and sexual behavior became a primary focus for the state and a necessary arena for observation and mandates.